Bloodhound- Chien de Saint Hubert

Badea Gheo Kennel- Bloodhound Breeder

Bloodhound / Chien de Saint Hubert Breed

 Prezentarea rasei Chien de Saint Hubert / Bloodhound


Rasa: Copoiul de Saint-Hubert- Chien de Saint Hubert- Bloodhound

Caracteristici:

Este un caine masiv, greoi, cu mers incet si impunator, copoi prin excelenta, rabdator, nobil, moderat ca maniere si foarte iubitor. Corpul, puternic construit este musculos, spatele larg si adanc. Capul este unul din punctele caracteristice ale rasei: este bine format, cu craniul inalt si ascutit, cu pielea fruntii si a obrajilor foarte ridata, cu ochii infundati sub arcadele putin proeminente; expresia fetei denota calm si maiestate. Urechile, lungi, proportionale cu marimea capului, atasate jos, atarna in pliuri grele de-a lungul maxilarelor. Coada este purtata intr-o curba eleganta, mai sus de linia spatelui insa nu pe spate. Parul, scurt si destul de aspru pe intreg corpul, este moale si matasos pe cap si pe urechi.

Origine:

Rasa foarte veche, provenind din Molossul de Tibet, adus in Galia si Anglia de catre legiunile romane, aceast caine avand peste 1000 ani vechime. Mai tarziu, s-a dezvoltat intr-o manastire din Ardeni datorita calugarului Saint Hubert, de la care a primit si numele, devenind foarte apreciat la curtile regale la vanatoarea in haite. S-a raspandit apoi si in Anglia, unde a fost adus de Guillaume, duce de Normandia, odata cu invadarea acesteia in anul 1066. Astazi toati cainii acestei rase au culoarea negru cu aramiu sau roscat, dar in Evul Mediu ei aveau si alte culori simple. Exemplarele de culoare alba, care existau in Europa Medievala erau numite Copoi Talbot . Prin anii 1600, aceasta tulpina s-a stins , desi genele ei continua sa existe in cazul raselor de Boxeri albi sau a Basset-ului tricolor. In intreaga lume rase precum American Coonhound, Swiss Jura Hound, Fila Brasiliero, Copoiul de munte Bavarez si multe altele isi au stramosii in acesti stravechi copoi de urma. In ciuda numelui, motiv pentru care unii cred ca este un caine agresiv ("sangeros"), Bloodhound-ul este unul dintre cei mai blanzi si mai afectuosi caini, cu un temperament echilibrat si extrem de atasat de stapan. Este una dintre cele mai vechi rase de vanatoare - limier - folosita la cautarea vanatului mare ranit (mistret, cerb, caprior), pe urma de sange. Etimologia numelui este la fel de controversata ca si tara de origine a rasei. Majoritatea considera ca numele deriva din abilitatea acestui caine de a cauta urma de sange, traducand cele doua cuvinte ce compun numele, "blood" si "hound", drept "caine de urma de sange". Insa, in sec. al XIX-lea, contele francez Le Couteulx de Canteleu sustinea ca denumirea provine din scurtarea expresiei engleze "hound of pure blood" ("caine de rasa pura"), facand analogie cu etimologia denumirii "blood horse" ("cal pur-sange"). Acelasi conte este cel care a lansat ideea conform careia, cainii din rasa Bloodhound nu sunt altii decat cainii Saint Hubert crescuti de calugarii abatiei St. Hubert (situata in Belgia), dar disparuti de pe continentul european in timpul lui Napoleon. El a sustinut ca acesti caini au ajuns in Anglia in timpul invaziei normande (anul 1066) si au intrat in atentia nobililor englezi pasionati de vanatoare; englezii au mentinut rasa si, mult mai tarziu, au readus-o in Franta la cererea unor crescatori francezi. Asa se face ca, in 1890 in cartea "Races des Chien" (scrisa de H.A. Graf van Bylandt si publicata in Olanda si Belgia), in dreptul rasei Chien de St. Hubert a fost publicata poza unui Bloodhound, pecetluindu-se astfel originea rasei - Belgia. Cu toate astea, multi istorici considera ca, de fapt, sunt rase diferite; probabil cainele Saint Hubert a fost folosit de catre englezi in selectia Bloodhound-ului, dar, in vreme ce pe continent a existat o discontinuitate in cresterea acestor caini, nu se poate dovedi cu certitudine ca Chien de Saint Hubert si Bloodhound reprezinta aceeasi rasa. Mai tarziu, F.C.I. (Federatia Chinologica Internationala) a standardizat rasa Bloodhound / Chien de Saint Hubert (ambele denumiri fiind valabile), hotarand ca tara de origine este Belgia (Belgia fiind unul din membrii fondatori ai F.C.I.), dar preluand standardul elaborat de britanicul Edwin Brough (celebru crescator al sec. XIX, cel care a pus la dispozitia politiei londoneze 2 caini Bloodhound pentru cautarea lui Jack Spintecatorul). Insa, impatimitii englezi ai rasei nu sunt impacati cu aceasta idee, continuand si azi sa aduca dovezi in sprijinul originii britanice a Bloodhound-ului. Oricum, aceasta polemica este doar o mica parte a eternei "rivalitati" anglo-franceze, iar aceasta rasa, fie ca o numim Chien de Saint Hubert, fie ca ii spunem Bloodhound, la ora actuala este una si aceeasi.

Temperament:

Este un caine inteligent, serios si activ. Are simt olfactiv deosebit, fapt care il ajuta sa urmareasca urmele de sange ale vanatului ranit, de unde si a doua lui denumire - de "Bloodhound" (blood = sange). Desi are un temperament afabil, nu este foarte usor sa il faci sa se supuna. Este foarte energic afara, vijelios cand este tinar, incapatanat si independent. Au nevoie de o educatie ferma, dar blanda.

Un proprietar neinitiat, va trebui sa aiba multa rabdare si mult tact pentru a avea succes in educarea acestor caini. Unele exemplare pot fi timide. Sensibil, gentil si rusinos, un Bloodhound devine devotat stapanului si se intelege foarte bine cu toata lumea. Foarte rar au vicii comportamentale. Masculii pot fi uneori agresivi cu cainii de acelasi sex.

Sunt protectori cu domeniul lor, desi pot fi educati sa fie prietenosi chiar si cu strainii. Latra pentru a avertiza cand se apropie cineva strain. Se spune ca acesti caini sunt capabili sa urmareasca un miros vechi de peste 100 ore. Sunt atat de incapatanati incat urmaresc urma pe distante de peste 100 kilometri.

Relatiile cu familia si casa:

Este foarte bland, afectuos si are un comportament excelent cu copiii. Sunt intr-adevar niste companioni foarte buni, cu un caracter foarte bun. Sunt atat de blajini, incat se vor intinde pe jos si vor lasa copiii sa se catere efectiv peste ei. Aceasta rasa iubeste toata atentia pe care o primeste din partea copiilor.

Asigurati-va ca acei copii lasati in compania lui nu il vor chinui prea tare, pentru ca el nu va riposta nicicum, ci va accepta toate rautatile copiilor. Se inteleg bine cu alte animale de casa sau cu alti caini . Uneori au tendinta de a urla foarte sonor. De asemenea, saliveaza foarte mult.

De obicei, atunci cand detecteaza o urma interesanta, nu mai asculta de nimic si o urmaresc pana in panzele albe, fiind niste caini foarte tenace, in stare sa urmareasca un miros pe o distanta impresionanta. Se adapteaza bine vietii de apartament, fiind destul de lenesi in interior, dar au nevoie de mult exercitiu fizic. Trebuie sa fie scosi la plimbare sau lasati liberi intr-o curte interioara, pentru asigurarea necesarului de exercitiu fizic zilnic.

Au o vigoare si o putere incredibile, fiind capabili sa marsaluiasca ore intregi. Nu trebuie insa obositi c plimbari lungi, extenuante cat sunt pui.

Dresajul:

Cel mai important aspect al dresajului acestor caini este insistenta si perseverenta, dar si fermitatea. Acesti caini sunt constienti de ceea ce pot obtine cu aspectul si expresia lor de patetism, si vor profita la maxim de acest lucru, pentru a obtine ceea ce vor. Nu va asteptati prea mult la supunere din partea acestei rase. Ei sunt caini de regula foarte blanzi, dar sunt si incapatanati, au propriile lor idei si de cele mai multe ori vor actiona conform propriilor decizii si nu conform ordinelor stapanului. Masculii trec prin perioada pubertatii intre 1 si 2 ani, fiind destul de neplacuti ca fire in acest timp, dar apoi, cu un dresaj corespunzator, stimulativ si perseverent ei devin niste caini excelenti.

Aspecte particulare:

Sunt caini atat de buni in detectarea urmelor, incat sunt utilizati in intreaga lume pentru gasirea criminalilor sau pentru operatii de salvare . Detectarile dupa urma ale bloodhounzilor sunt recunoscute chiar si in tribunale, ca probe in procese. Astfel, un Bloodhound a decelat vinovatia si a determinat condamnarea a peste 600 de criminali arestati, care au fost si condamnati.

Acesti caini nu pot fi tinuti niciodata intr-o curte neimprejmuita, deoarece in momentul in care detecteaza o urma, o vor urmari negresit. De asemenea, 90% dintre ei nu pot fi scosi la plimbare fara lesa. Ei vor fugi si vor urmari orice urma ce la va trezi instinctele de vanatori. Un aspect interesant legat de aceasta rasa este acela ca, faldurile bogate ale pielii capteaza si pastreaza vreme indelungata mirosul pe care animalul trebuie sa il urmareasca, acestea falduri ajutand copoiul sa retina si sa gaseasca urma usor.

Utilizare:

Excelent caine de vanatoare, este folosit si in politie, lucreaza cu mult zel, fara oboseala. Bloodhound-ul descopera foarte bine urma, de aceea a fost folosit atat la vanatoare, cat si la gasirea criminalilor , sclavilor fugiti sau copiilor pierduti. Astazi aceasta rasa greoaie, cu voce baritonala este atat caine de companie cat si urmaritor si detector de urma.

Aspect exterior si dimensiuni:

Sunt caini de talie mare. Aspectul si impresia generala pe care o degaja acesti caini este de demnitate, noblete, solemnitate, intelepciune si putere. Capul este larg, proportional cu lungimea sa, desi, in comparatie cu corpul, este lung, ascutindu-se usor de la tample spre extremitatea botului, desi, vazut din fata pare turtit pe laterale. Privit din profil, linia superioara a craniului este aproape in acelasi plan cu linia fruntii. Craniul este lung si larg, cu protuberanta occipitalului foarte evidenta . Fruntea este lunga si adanca. Ochii sunt adanc infundati in orbite, cu pleoapele ce delimiteaza un contur de forma unui diamant, astfel incat pleoapa inferioara este este lasata in jos si rasfranta, lasand sa se vada mucoasa conjunctivala si dand expresia tipica de "mahmureala" a acestei rase. Ca si culoare, ochii se asorteaza in general cu roba, variind de la auriu la galben sau culoarea alunelor. Culoarea alunei este cea preferata, mai ales in cazul exemplarelor cu roba de culoarea ficatului, cu aramiu. Urechile sunt foarte subtiri si catifelate la atingere, foarte lungi, jos prinse, cazute in falduri gratioase, cu partea inferioara curbata inainte sau inapoi. Gura prezinta muscatura in foarfece. Capul este "garnisit" cu o mare cantitate de piele lasata, larga, care in aproape orice pozitie apare abundenta, dar mai ales atunci cand capul este tinut in jos. Pielea apoi cade in falduri largi, pendulante, in special pe frunte si pe laturile fetei. Narile sunt largi si deschise. Buzele, in partea anterioara cad patrat, formand un unghi drept cu linia superioara a fruntii. Gatul este lung, cu umerii musculosi si bine inclinati inapoi. Coastele sunt bine arcuite, pieptul bine descins intre membrele anterioare formand un torace adanc. Membrele anterioare au scheletul drept, larg, cu coatele asezate in echer. Labele picioarelor sunt puternice si bine angulate. Coapsele si gambele sunt foarte musculoase iar jaretul este descins, bine inclinat si angulat in unghi drept. Spatele si salele sunt puternice, musculoase, cu ultima parte usor arcuita. Mersul acestui caine este elastic, plutitor, liber. Coada este purtata sus, dar nu este curbata foarte mult peste spate. Culoarea robei poate fi negru cu aramiu, culoarea ficatului cu aramiu (visiniu), culorile inchise fiind adesea intrepatrunse cu culori mai deschise si uneori impestritate cu alb . O mica pata alba poate fi permisa pe piept, varful cozii si pe labele picioarelor.

Boli si afectiuni curente:

Aceasta rasa este foarte predispusa la dilatatie si chiar torsiune gastrica, de aceea , este recomandat a fi hraniti cu 2-3 tainuri mici pe zi, in loc de o masa voluminoasa, si a se evita efortul fizic dupa masa. Unele exemplare pot suferi de crampe stomacale. Mai sunt predispusi de asemenea la displazia de sold si la infectiile auriculare si otite, datorita urechilor lungi, cazute, care sunt neaerisite si umede, favorizand dezvoltarea otitelor fungice, bacteriene sau chiar cu levuri.

Datorita scheletului masiv si a razelor osoase proeminente, este recomandat sa li se amenajeze un culcus bine captusit, pentru a evita aparitia bataturilor sau a higromelor. Unele exemplare pot face entropion, datorita rasucirii pleoapelor spre interior. Durata medie de viata este de 10-12 ani. Numarul de pui pe cuib este de 8-10 exemplare.

 

Prezentarea video a rasei de caini Bloodhound

Bloodhound / Chien de Saint Hubert Breed


Other Names:
Saint Hubert Hound, Chien de Saint Hubert

Family
: scenthound

Area of Origin:
Belgium, England

Date of Origin:
Middle Ages

Original Function:
trailing

Today's Function:
trailing humans, search and rescue

Average Size of Male:
Height: 63-69 cm, Weight: 41 - 54 kg

Average Size of Female:
Height: 58-63 cm, Weight: 36 - 48 kg

Size Category
- Giant

Dog Group
Kennel Club- Hound

Breed Classification


The Bloodhound belongs to the hound group and is the largest and most powerful of them all. They are used in tracking, as companions and seen in the show-ring.

Size and Appearance of the Bloodhound Breed


The front legs of the bloodhound are quite straight and consist of considerable bone, while the back legs feature muscular thighs. Both front and back feet are very strong.
The deeply sunk-in eyes of this breed are usually deep hazel or yellow in color, and they offer a dignified, wise expression. Thin and soft, the ears are very long and fall in graceful folds.
The teeth of this breed meet in either a scissors or level bite, and the nose has large, open nostrils.
A wrinkle of loose skin is normally found on the forehead. A long neck tapers nicely into muscular shoulders.
The gait of this breed is best described as free and swinging.
The smooth, short coat comes in several colors including:
black and tan, liver and tan, and red.
Sometimes the darker portions of the coat are peppered with lighter hair.
The skull is long and narrow with a very pronounced occiput and an abundance of loose skin especially over the forehead and sides of the face.
The eyes should be medium-sized and dark brown or hazel in colour.
The ears should be thin and soft to the touch, very long and falling in gracefold folds.
The jaws should be strong with a complete scissor bite.
The neck is long adjoining muscular and well-sloped shoulders.
The forelegs should be large, straight with round bone.
The thighs and second thighs should be very muscular.
The back and loins should be strong.
The feet should be well-knuckled up and strong.
When moving the tail should be carried high.
The preferred colours for the show ring are black and tan, liver and tan or red.
A limited amount of white is allowed on the chest, feet and the tip of the tail.

General Physical Description


Easily recognisable because of their noble, wrinkly heads, droopy lower eyelids and long pendulous ears, Bloodhounds have powerful bodies and limbs which make them truly big dogs!
They have short, smooth coats and move with free, elastic strides.
Their voices are full, musical and sonorous.

Bloodhound Temperament


Calm, gentle, and placid at home, the bloodhound is nonetheless a tracker at heart.
While it can be stubborn and independent, it is a gentle dog that loves children.
It is said that some may be timid.
This breed is quite devoted with its family, and it will usually get along well with other people, even though it may be reserved with strangers.
At times, the bloodhound can be aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex, but it usually does well with other pets within the family.
This breed has a tendency to howl, and some may bark to let you know if strangers are around.
The bloodhound will also snore and drool.
Firm, gentle, and consistent training is recommended, and the bloodhound owner should have plenty of patience in this regard.
This breed is considerably independent and can be quite willful.
Determination is a strong attribute in the bloodhound - it has been known to follow a trail for over 100 miles - therefore, this dog should never be kept in yard without a fence.
These are gentle-natured, affectionate dogs who usually get on well with children and can live in harmony with other dogs and household pets.
They are friendly and tenacious dogs who will welcome both wanted and unwanted visitors.
Despite their size, they are not good guard dogs and would never dream of attacking.
They have sweet and even temperaments and are the one of the most patient and kindest of dogs in the dogworld.
Whilst quiet in the house, they can be very vocal outdoors. They are family dogs and do not like to be left alone.

Intelligence


To succeed in training this breed, the new owner will need plenty of patience and consistency.
Bloodhounds do have minds of their own but can be surprisingly sensitive.
They are more profound than quick-witted.
There are classes and trials for tracking and participation in this is to be recommended.

Bloodhound Recommended Maintenance

The coat of the bloodhound is relatively simple in terms of care.
The occasional brushing or wiping of the short coat is really all that is required.
A few rub downs each week with a wet towel are suggested.
This breed should only be bathed when necessary, but owners should be aware that the bloodhound does have a distinct odor which some people may not appreciate.
This dog is considered to be an average shedder.
Because this breed has a tendency to drool, it is important to clean the facial wrinkles on a daily basis.
The ears should be cleaned regularly as well. Daily exercise is very important to this hunting hound, but exercise should always take place on a leash or in a safe, enclosed area to prevent the dog from picking up a scent and trailing it to the end.
While the bloodhound does best in the country, it can live in an apartment dwelling as long as enough exercise is provided.
This breed can walk for hours, and it would probably enjoy hiking with its owner.
It is important, however, not to overtire this breed before they are full grown.

Aliments


This breed is relatively free from serious hereditary and congenital conditions, although hip and elbow dysplasia have been reported.
The most common problems are eye-related due to the lower eyelids drooping, debris gathering and infections setting in.
Owing to their long, pendant ears, infections are also common therein.
This breed is also known to suffer from bloat and complications in bone growth.

Common Aliments


Pet health and vet advice
- Medium

Cost of Ownership

Average Food Cost
- 100-120 euro

Feeding Requirements


These dogs are very large eaters and it will cost around 12 euro per week to feed them.

Other Expenses


A puppy will cost from 1000 euro upwards.

Average Puppy Price
>1000 euro

Characteristics


Energy
- High

Overall Exercise
> 2 hours

Distress Caused if Left Alone


Personal Protection
- Medium

Suitability As Guard Dog
- Low

Risk of Sheep Worrying
- High

Tendency to Bark
- Low

Ease of Transportation
- Medium

Level of Aggression
- Low

Compatibility With Other Animals
- High

Suitable For Children
- Medium

Grooming


Coat Length
Short/Smooth

Grooming Requirement
< Once a week

Trimming
- None

Requires Professional Groomer


Grooming There is little grooming needed for this breed as the coat is short and smooth.
A brush over once in a while will suffice to remove loose and dead hairs.
No trimming is ever required.
However, regular checks should be made of their ears and eyes to ensure early diagnosis of any infections.
Colour Bloodhounds are usually black and tan, liver and tan and plain tan.

Shedding
- Little

Bloodhound Health


Life span
: 7 - 10 years
Major concerns
: ectropion, entropion, gastric torsion, otitis externa, skin-fold dermatitis, CHD, elbow dysplasia
Minor concerns
: none
Occasionally seen
: none
Suggested tests
: hip, elbow, eye

Suffers From Allergies


Average Litter Size
- 9
 
Bloodhound History

The Bloodhound is one of the oldest breeds of dog, first referred to in literature in the mid 14th Century, and probably in existence and use for many years before that.  How long it had existed, and its ultimate origins, are quite uncertain.

It is often claimed that its ancestors were brought over from Normandy by William the Conqueror, but there is no evidence for this.  That the Normans brought some hounds from France during the post-Conquest period is almost certain, but what they were, and how they mingled with stock already here is not known.

The typical use of the Bloodhound, in hunting deer and boar, was as a �limer�, or �lyam-hound�.  That is, it was handled on a leash or �lyam�, and hunted the cold scent of the animal.  When it had �harboured� the hart or boar (that is discovered where it was browsing or resting) the handler reported back to his lord, who then brought the pack hounds (�raches�) to pursue the quarry on its hot scent, when it was �unharboured�, or �upreared�.  So the bloodhound was much valued for its ability to hunt the cold scent of an individual animal, and, though it did not usually take part in the kill, it was given a special reward from the carcase.

It also seems that from the earliest times the Bloodhound was used to track people.  There are stories written in the Medieval period of Robert the Bruce (in 1307), and William Wallace (1270-1305) being followed by �Sleuth-hounds�.  Whether true or not, these stories show that the Sleuth-hound was already known as an animal which could follow a human scent almost infallibly, and it later becomes clear that the (Scottish) Sleuth-hound and the Bloodhound were the same animal.  Around the 16th century the Bloodhound, Sleuth-hound, or �Slough-dog� was much used on the Scottish borders to track cross-border raiders.  In the 17th century there is a fascinating account of a test of the Bloodhound's man-tracking prowess, written by the great scientist Robert Boyle (1627-91). 

With the rise of fox-hunting, the decline of deer-hunting, and the extinction of the wild boar, as well as a more settled state of society, the use of the Bloodhound diminished.  It was kept on a few deer-parks and by a few enthusiasts, with some variation in type, until its popularity began to increase again with the rise of dog-showing in the 19th Century.  Numbers, however, have remained low in Britain.  Very few survived the second world war, but the gene-pool has gradually been replenished with imports from America.

During the later 19th century numbers of Bloodhounds were exported to the Continent to French enthusiasts, who regretted the extinction of an ancient French breed, the St Hubert, which had died out towards the end of the 18th Century, and was rather similar in appearance to the Bloodhound.  They wished to re-establish it, using the Bloodhound.  As an unfortunate result, the Bloodhound became known on parts of the Continent as the Chien de Saint Hubert, and is recognised under that name by the FCI.

Also, in the later 19th century, the idea was put forward that the name �Bloodhound� originally meant �hound of pure blood�, not �blood-seeking hound�.  Though this idea was only a guess, totally unsupported by evidence (and in fact all the available evidence points the other way!) it has somehow gained credence, and is often given as the correct derivation in literature about the Bloodhound.

When the first Bloodhounds were exported to the USA is not known.  Bloodhounds were used to track runaway slaves before the Civil War, but it has been questioned whether the dogs used were genuine Bloodhounds.  However, in the later part of the century, and in the next, more pure Bloodhounds were introduced and bred in America, and they were much more widely used in tracking lost people and criminals � often with brilliant success � than in Britain.  However, in Britain there have been instances from time to time of the successful use of the Bloodhound as a tracking animal, and currently, for the first time for many years, the Police are showing a real interest in making use of the breed.

The first Bloodhound breed society, the Association of Bloodhound Breeders, was established in 1897, followed at the beginning of the next century by the Bloodhound Hunt Club, which developed into the Bloodhound Club.  These societies both organise Bloodhound trials, under Kennel Club rules, in which the hound hunts �the clean boot�, that is the human scent, �clean� of any artificial aids (like aniseed, or animal blood smeared on the boot).  This used to be known as 'hunting dry-foot' in the old days.  This is a sport, requiring a great deal of land and organisation, for the pleasure of a small number of dedicated Bloodhound owners.

Meanwhile the Bloodhound has become a truly international breed, though numbers are small in most countries except the USA.  There and here the Bloodhound has always had an amount of exposure in the media, because of its distinctive appearance, out of proportion to its numbers, and there is currently some concern over there that the breed may become too popular.  "Page from UK Bloodhound Club"

The Bloodhound is one of the oldest British breeds of dog, first referred to in literature in the mid 14th Century, and probably in existence and use for many years before that.  How long it had existed, and its ultimate origins, are quite uncertain.

It is often claimed that its ancestors were brought over from Normandy by William the Conqueror, but there is no evidence for this.  That the Normans brought some hounds from France during the post-Conquest period is almost certain, but what they were, and how they mingled with stock already here is not known.

The typical use of the Bloodhound, in hunting deer and boar, was as a �limer�, or �lyam-hound�.  That is, it was handled on a leash or �lyam�, and hunted the cold scent of the animal.  When it had �harboured� the hart or boar (that is discovered where it was browsing or resting) the handler reported back to his lord, who then brought the pack hounds (�raches�) to pursue the quarry on its hot scent, when it was �unharboured�, or �upreared�.  So the bloodhound was much valued for its ability to hunt the cold scent of an individual animal, and, though it did not usually take part in the kill, it was given a special reward from the carcase.

It also seems that from the earliest times the Bloodhound was used to track people.  There are stories written in the Medieval period of Robert the Bruce (in 1307), and William Wallace (1270-1305) being followed by �Sleuth-hounds�.  Whether true or not, these stories show that the Sleuth-hound was already known as an animal which could follow a human scent almost infallibly, and it later becomes clear that the (Scottish) Sleuth-hound and the Bloodhound were the same animal.  Around the 16th century the Bloodhound, Sleuth-hound, or �Slough-dog� was much used on the Scottish borders to track cross-border raiders.  In the 17th century there is a fascinating account of a test of the Bloodhound's man-tracking prowess, written by the great scientist Robert Boyle (1627-91). 

With the rise of fox-hunting, the decline of deer-hunting, and the extinction of the wild boar, as well as a more settled state of society, the use of the Bloodhound diminished.  It was kept on a few deer-parks and by a few enthusiasts, with some variation in type, until its popularity began to increase again with the rise of dog-showing in the 19th Century.  Numbers, however, have remained low in Britain.  Very few survived the second world war, but the gene-pool has gradually been replenished with imports from America.

During the later 19th century numbers of Bloodhounds were exported to the Continent to French enthusiasts, who regretted the extinction of an ancient French breed, the St Hubert, which had died out towards the end of the 18th Century, and was rather similar in appearance to the Bloodhound.  They wished to re-establish it, using the Bloodhound.  As an unfortunate result, the Bloodhound became known on parts of the Continent as the Chien de Saint Hubert, and is recognised under that name by the FCI.

Also, in the later 19th century, the idea was put forward that the name �Bloodhound� originally meant �hound of pure blood�, not �blood-seeking hound�.  Though this idea was only a guess, totally unsupported by evidence (and in fact all the available evidence points the other way!) it has somehow gained credence, and is often given as the correct derivation in literature about the Bloodhound.

When the first Bloodhounds were exported to the USA is not known.  Bloodhounds were used to track runaway slaves before the Civil War, but it has been questioned whether the dogs used were genuine Bloodhounds.  However, in the later part of the century, and in the next, more pure Bloodhounds were introduced and bred in America, and they were much more widely used in tracking lost people and criminals � often with brilliant success � than in Britain.  However, in Britain there have been instances from time to time of the successful use of the Bloodhound as a tracking animal, and currently, for the first time for many years, the Police are showing a real interest in making use of the breed.

The first Bloodhound breed society, the Association of Bloodhound Breeders, was established in 1897, followed at the beginning of the next century by the Bloodhound Hunt Club, which developed into the Bloodhound Club.  These societies both organise Bloodhound trials, under Kennel Club rules, in which the hound hunts �the clean boot�, that is the human scent, �clean� of any artificial aids (like aniseed, or animal blood smeared on the boot).  This used to be known as 'hunting dry-foot' in the old days.  This is a sport, requiring a great deal of land and organisation, for the pleasure of a small number of dedicated Bloodhound owners.

Meanwhile the Bloodhound has become a truly international breed, though numbers are small in most countries except the USA.  There and here the Bloodhound has always had an amount of exposure in the media, because of its distinctive appearance, out of proportion to its numbers, and there is currently some concern over there that the breed may become too popular.  Page from UK Bloodhound Club

The Bloodhound Standard 

General Character

The Bloodhound possesses, in a most marked degree, every point and characteristic of those dogs which hunt together by scent (Sagaces). He is very powerful, and stands over more ground than is usual with hounds of other breeds. The skin is thin to the touch and extremely loose, this being more especially noticeable about the head and neck, where it hangs in deep folds.

Height
The mean average height of adult dogs is 26 inches, and of adult bitches 24 inches. Dogs usually vary from 25 inches to 27 inches, and bitches from 23 inches to 25 inches; but, in either case, the greater height is to be preferred, provided that character and quality are also combined.

Weight

          

Featured Products

No featured products

Recent Blog Entries

No recent entries

Recent Videos

1157 views - 0 comments
1346 views - 0 comments

Dog Breeders in Europe

Find a Dog Breeders in Europe